DIIS working paper

Does China control Arctic mineral raw materials? 

Patrik Andersson & Per Kalvig

Link to publication








“China’s domestic mineral resources are inadequate to support the demand of the country’s industry and infrastructure development. This demand has been generated not only by China’s domestic needs. As China has taken on the role as the ‘factory of the world’, a proportion of resources has in effect been used to manufacture goods for the rest of the world (Woetzel et al., 2019). To ensure long-term supply of the resources China needs, Chinese companies are increasingly engaging in mining and mineral exploration projects overseas (Ericsson et al., 2020), and their interest in the Arctic as a source of mineral raw materials has grown (Andersson et al., 2018).”